Types of Roofing

Roofing Columbus GA is a crucial component in protecting the house from the elements. The roof must be durable enough to withstand the local climate, particularly severe wind storms and abrasive dust (haboobs) in desert regions.Roofing

The earliest roofs were thatched with bundled reeds on rafters, but modern workhorses are asphalt shingles, which most homeowners can install themselves. Atop the rafters or pre-fabricated trusses is sheathing, typically plywood or oriented strand board.

Metal roofing is a popular choice for homeowners who want a durable, fire-resistant roof that can be customized with color and texture. It is also a great option for people who are interested in energy efficiency, as it can help reduce cooling costs. Additionally, it is easy to maintain and can be easily repaired if damaged.

A metal roof can be constructed from a wide range of materials. It can be made from a single, solid piece that is attached to the building structure, or it can be a series of interlocking panels. These panels can be made from a variety of metals, including copper, galvanized steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. Some of these metals are more durable than others, so it is important to consider the specific needs of your home when choosing a metal roof.

While some people have concerns about the appearance of a metal roof, modern roofing systems can be manufactured to resemble more traditional shingle styles. This can make the roof blend in better with the rest of the house. In addition, there are also a variety of paints that can be used to create different color schemes. In addition to the style options, it is possible to get a metal roof that has a high thermal emittance, which can help reduce energy usage.

One drawback of a metal roof is that it can be noisy during heavy rainfall or hailstorms. However, this is an issue that can be avoided by choosing a roof with insulation. Additionally, it is important to remember that metal can be quite slippery when it is wet or covered with snow. This can pose a safety risk, so it is best to avoid walking on the roof in these conditions.

There are also a number of different installation methods for metal roofing, depending on the type of panel and the method of seaming. For example, corrugated metal panels can be fastened with exposed fasteners, while standing seam panels are typically mechanically seamed together using a roll of seamer. Seams are usually placed on both sides of the roof to ensure proper weather protection.


A roof is an important aspect of a home’s structure and appearance, often representing up to 40 percent of the visual surface. When replacing a roof or building a new home, homeowners are faced with decisions about the material to use as well as color and design.

Asphalt shingles are the most common type of roofing in the United States. They are a lightweight and affordable option, but they may not last as long as other roofing materials. They are also less aesthetically appealing than other types of shingles.

Another popular type of shingle is the architectural shingle, which features several layers to add texture and definition to the roof. These shingles are more expensive than three-tab shingles, but they offer an aesthetic upgrade to the home and may provide a better return on investment.

Wood shingles are made from cedar, spruce, or pine and offer a trim, natural-looking, and environmentally friendly alternative to other roofing materials. They can be machine-cut or cut by hand and are usually kiln-dried to prevent warping. They are available in a wide variety of colors and are naturally resistant to rot, insects, and weathering.

Solar shingles are a new type of shingle designed to absorb and store energy from the sun. They are molded to look like traditional shingles but feature perpendicular bars that allow sunlight to pass through them. These shingles are becoming more popular as the availability of solar power continues to increase, and they can qualify for a federal tax credit through 2032.

Other types of shingles include concrete and clay tiles, which can be highly decorative and are especially popular in Mediterranean-style homes. Tiles can be extremely heavy, though, so it is important to weigh the pros and cons of this roofing material before installing it. Generally, roof tiles are more durable than shingles and can last for decades. However, a tile roof may require more frequent maintenance than other roofing options.


Wood shakes are an earthy and rustic roofing option, often seen on cottage- or cabin-style homes. They also work well as a complement to traditional ranch-style homes and can even be used to enhance contemporary architecture. A shake is a split piece of wood, most commonly made from cedar, that is crafted by hand or with power equipment and placed over the roof in a “starter course” along the lower edge of the roof and in the “finish course” at the peak of the roof.

Shake roofing adds visual interest to the home with a textured look that offers more depth and dimension than flat shingles. The varying grain patterns, ridges, and grooves provide a rugged appearance, and each individual shake looks a little different from the others due to their handmade nature. Wood shakes have natural preservatives that make them moisture-resistant and durable, and they resist shrinking and swelling better than shingles.

However, wood is flammable and not recommended for homes in wildfire-prone areas. It requires constant maintenance to keep it protected against weathering, and mold, mildew, and fungus can quickly lead to costly damages. Additionally, wood is susceptible to rot and deterioration with sun exposure and can become brittle over time.

The good news is that many of these issues can be avoided with today’s modern shake-style roofing shingles, which replicate the style and beauty of natural wooden shakes but have the durability of asphalt and fiberglass. These shingles have a fire-retardant coating, are class A fire-resistant and energy-efficient, and will not crack or fade with sun exposure.

These shingles are available in a variety of styles to suit the look of any home. Heavy-split shakes offer a more rugged appearance, while medium- and resawn shakes have a more refined texture that is closer to shingle quality. Tapersawn shakes are a hybrid of the other two types, offering a less rugged, more shingle-like appeal. Like shingles, all types of shakes should be carefully examined to ensure there are no knots or other defects that could cause problems when the roof is exposed to rain, snow, and sunlight.


Tile roofs have a long history, dating back to ancient civilizations. Made of natural slate, a type of metamorphic rock, these roofs are known for their durability and beauty. They are often used to roof historic homes, but they can also look beautiful on sleek contemporary homes as well.

There are several types of roof tiles: clay tiles, thick slate tiles, and concrete tiles. Clay tiles are molded and fired, which gives them an extremely durable surface that can last for centuries. They are available in a variety of colors and finishes, which makes them easy to match with almost any home design.

Concrete tiles are a more affordable alternative to clay tiles. They are also more resistant to cold weather than clay and can be painted for a customized look. However, because they are so heavy, concrete roofs must be structurally sound to support the weight of the tiles.

Both clay and concrete roof tiles are available in a wide range of styles and colors. Some are designed to mimic the look of wood shakes or other natural materials, making them perfect for use on Craftsman and rustic homes.

Besides being a beautiful roofing material, clay and concrete tiles are highly durable. They are also energy-efficient, insulating the home to keep it cool in warm weather and warmer in cooler months.

One downside to using tile is that the underlayment needs replacing every eight to 20 years. Removing the old underlayment, replacing it, and then reinstalling the tiles can be time-consuming and costly, but it is a necessary step to ensure your tile roof is protected for as long as possible. While tiles are a more expensive option than shingles, they can last twice as long, making them a great investment for your home.